Egyptian Deities

Updated: Feb 15



Anubis


Anubis is the jackal-headed or dog-headed god of the underworld, associated with mummification and the afterlife. He may be a son of God Ra, Osiris or Set. He is the funerary god of the Egyptian pantheon. In Egyptian culture dead was seen as a transition rather than en end. Anubis stands next to the scale that weights the heart to determine whether the dead should be blessed or damned.


Bast - Goddess of Play

Bast is an Egyptian Goddess often portrayed as Cat or a woman with head of a cat. She is a goddess of play, pleasure, joy, dance, health and healing, the moon and the cats. She is also a Goddess of fertility and family. Together with the sister Sekmet she is representation of the Sun. Bast or earlier Basket is the life-giving, pleasurable aspect.


Geb

Geb is another creator God, he is considered a husband and a brother to Nut. He is father of Osiris, Isis and Set. He is the god of the Earth and of healing. He is said to have laid the egg from which the world sprang. He is often portrayed in crocodile form.


Hathor - Goddess of Pleasure


Hathor is an Ancient Egyptian Goddess of creation and bodily pleasure. She is a sky goddess is often portrayed with cow horns and sun disc on her head, or as a winged cow. She is a consort of Sun God Horus and daughter of Sun God Ra. She is a goddess of fertility and femininity and it is said she has been present at birth of every child and revealed its destiny. She was a consort of many Egyptian Gods, and mother of their sons. As a birth and dead Goddess, she is a creator of body in which an immortal soul resides. She is also a patron of all bodily pleasures through all our senses - sound, touch, dance, music, love and art. She has been worshiped for over 3000 years, but is overshadowed by Isis and Nut.


Horus

Horus is a sky god who inhabits the body of the living pharaoh. He is usually depicted as a man with a falcon's head. His symbol is the Eye of Horus, he is also connected


Isis - Goddess of Mothering and Rebirth


Isis is a great Egyptian Mother Goddess, best known as a goddess of resurrection, rebirth and soul retrieval. Her name means a "throne", she is also known as Au Set ("exceeding Queen) or Isis Panthea (Isis the all Goddess). She was a sister and a consort to her brother Osiris. Osiris and Isis ruled Egypt and were symbol of Sun and Light. Their brother, Seth, God of Chaos, desert and violence in rage of jealousy tried to kill Osiris multiple times, but Isis kept resurrecting him. At the end Seth dismembered Osiris and scattered his pieces, but Isis put all pieces of his body together, except his penis, which she replaced by a gold one. By magic she brought Osiris back to life and then conceived their Sun God son Horus. Osiris then became ruler of the Underworld. It was Horus at the end who defeated Seth and took over the Egyptian throne. Isis was worshiped throughout ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome even Germany. She is a healer and protector of dead. She would be invoked when preparing remedies, to bring forth the magic within. She is a symbol of endless resurrection. Many of Isis temples were turned into Christian churches, and many statues of her with her son Horus became statues of Virgin Mary with baby Jesus.


Ma'at - Goddess of Justice


Ma'at is an Egyptian Goddess of Universal Law and order. Her name's meaning refers to a general concept of balance, truth and justice. She is a wife of Moon God Thoth. Ma'at is a daughter of Sun God Ra, often portrayed with sun disk around her head, with some ostrich feathers representing Spirit. As a Goddess of Justice, it is said that in underworld's Hall of Judgment, one's heart would be put on scale against Ma'at's feather to reveal the truth about that person's life before it was sealed. If the heart would be as light as Ma'at's feather, the soul will go to paradise. If not, it would be send over to Ahermait, the Goddess of the Underworld to be devoured. She was also worshiped by farmers, who were dependent on Nile's ebb and flow, they prayed to Ma'at to watch out for any imbalances in their lives, and thus affecting their livelihood by their deeds.


Nut - Goddess of Mystery