Wisdom of Slavic Goddesses
Updated: Sep 14, 2019
Baba Yaga - Goddess of Birth and Rebirth, A Wild Woman
Baba Yaga was originally a very old Slavic Goddess of birth and rebirth, death and regeneration, typically portrayed as a old wild woman riding a mortar with a broom. Her ways were fierce and wild and deep cutting. Now days, she is displayed as an evil witch or hag eating children and spreading horror. Baba Yaga lived deep in the woods in a house which stood on one chicken leg and could turn and dance when Baba Yaga commanded so. Its meaning was to scare away those not welcomed. Her spirit lived in the harvest - the grain. She traditionally dies after harvest and is resurrected again in spring.
Devana - Goddess of Light and Hunting
Devana was a daughter of great Slavic god Perun. She is a Goddess of Heavenly light, often portrayed as a beautiful maiden with golden long hair sitting on a golden chair. She is also Goddess of fair weather and good hunting. Devana is independent maiden, does her own things, portrayed with arrows and accompanied by wolves. She resembles Greek Goddess Artemis and is often mistaken for a Roman goddess Diana, dressed up in Slavic shoes. She is also celebrated as a Goddess of Spring, a maiden honored at the start of the agricultural year.
Dodola - Goddess of the Rains
Dodola was a wife of a great Slavic God of Thunder, Perun. She was a patroness of young girls. Slavs believed that when it was raining, Dodola was milking the clouds, which they called heavenly cows. She would fly across the fields during spring, to make fields and forest to flourish. She is a symbol of rebirth, fertility and youth. She is portrayed as a young woman dressed in fresh plants. She is a joyful goddess who loved to dance.
Kostroma - Goddess of the Fertility and Harvest
Kostroma was a Slavic goddess of fertility and fruitfulness, mostly known among Eastern Slavs, especially in Russia. She is being invoked every spring through various rituals to provide fertility and abundance to the land. Kostroma is often presented as a scarecrow. Those born on the day of Kostroma, during celebration of Semik, at the beginning of June are blessed with a special talent in writing and speaking. She is a goddess of signs, omens and coincidences. During Semik she always appears as a girl or a shadow of the straw figure.
Lada - Goddess of Creation and Life
Lada is a Slavic goddess of creation, considered to be the mother of all gods. Her name means nice, pretty and order. She is one of the most known Slavic entity. She symbolizes a mature motherhood, love, youth, joy and harmony, beauty and order. When she is around, one feels warmth, comfort and a feeling of "home". She is portrayed as a young girl with long golden hair, with a wreath of wheat, symbolizing her function of fertility. On her chest, is sometimes seen a symbol of sun. Her reign starts with celebration of Ostara on 21st of March and continues throughout the summer. Lada is showing up in form of other great goddesses as Freya, Isis and Aphrodite. She is also linked with Venus. Animals associated with Lada are Cock, Deer, Ant and plants as cherry, lime, dandelion and peony.
Medeina - Goddess of the Forest
Medeina is another Slavic goddess, Nature goddess, loving forests, animals and trees. She is wild, and can often appear as a wolf. She likes to play with the hunters who enter the forest, and don't show the respect her forests deserve. She will allow them to see her as a beautiful young girl, and if the hunters dare to come closer to her, she will then transform into a wolf and attack them. She would be perceived as evil to those who didn't show respects to her forests and kept on destroying her kingdom, or murdering her friends - animals living in the deep forests.
Mokosh - Goddess of Creation, Fate and Family Life
Mokosh is a Slavic Goddess of Fertility, Creation and womanhood. She is a supporter of women and their protector during childbirth and handwork. She is associated with knitting, wool-spinning and weaving. She protects homes and harmonizes family relationships. She is also a Goddess of Fate and Destiny, where she knots the fate of every human. She is also connected to feminine sexuality. She was first rather a moist Earthy Goddess, but with time she became more domesticated and her focus shifted from raw fertility to more housekeeping oriented. Her favorite day is Friday, to summon her, one should knit her something nice.
Morena - Goddess of Death and Winter
Morena is a great Goddess of Winter Solstice, Winter season, Night and guardian of earthly treasures and bringer of death. Her name comes from a word for death. Feared and hated, she is often portrayed as repulsive wrinkled old hag with pale skin and long black hair, wearing black, a guardian of circles of life, resting and regeneration. But if needed, she can transform herself into beautiful seductive girl. She is also a goddess of unhappiness in love. She is a sister of Vesna and Ziva, and a mother of Black Three headed God of War and agriculture. In Slavic cultures, young girls would make a hay doll during around time of Ostara and throwing her from the bridge into depths of river, which will symbolize death of Winter and welcoming the Spring. As a sorceress she is associated with a Greek Goddess of Underworld, Hecate, and regards to agriculture to roman Goddess Ceres. Slavs believed that Morena pulled Sun (God Dazbog) into underworld during winter, who will then break free into arms of Spring goddess, Vesna.
Ozvena - Goddess of Echo and Gossip
Ozvena is a Goddess of Echo and Gossip. She is a companion of God Veles, Horned God of Underworld, Time and Order. It is said that she couldn't keep anything a secret, once she heard it, she could help herself not to pass it on. So whatever she was told, she shared it. If she liked someone, she would only speak good things about that person, but if she disliked someone or someone became her enemy, she would spread only bad things about this person. Ozvena loved feeling of fame, glory and listening to stories. She is connected to Greek Goddess Nymph Echo.
Rusalka - Slavic sirens spirits
Rusalky are mythical creatures, they are lethal water spirits, souls of women and children who committed suicide, or were drowned or suffocated. These souls death had to be closely connected with water. Similar to Greek mythological sirens. Often portrayed as beautiful young girls with long flowing blond hair, wearing greenish dresses, or nothing at all. They knitted together fisher nets, and with their voice and singing they tempted those passing by and lure them into the deep waters. Once Rusalka has you in the water, one should be afraid.
Vesna - Goddess of the Spring
Vesna is a beautiful Slavic Goddess of Spring, Youth, Fertility, Marriage and Life. She is banishing Morena during Springtime and melting frozen nature back to life. Vesna is born from the death of Morena and winter. These two sisters cannot exist in the same place and at the same time. She represent everything what Morena is not. She makes trees green and flowers bloom. She makes butterflies fly and birds to sing. Her sacred tree is birch. She is portrayed as forever young barefoot maiden in white, always smiling with a swallow and a bouquet of flowers. She is a patron of all adolescent girls, spreading around catching laughter and silliness youth. She is gentle, aetheric and endlessly smiling and singing Goddess. Vesna is connected with Spring Equinox and Easter. She is associated with Slavic God Perun, god of North, Thunder, War and harvest. It is said, that when Perun looks deep in Vesna's eyes, his spear falls and the spring starts with first spring thunder and rain. This thunder banished all negativity which is left of barren Morena.
Víla - Goddess of Shape-shifting and Dance
Vila is a mystical creature, a spirit of meadows and forests, a soul of young girl who died just before her marriage, but also a frivolous girl who died before her time. These beautiful forever young girls are often portrayed barefoot in white dresses with long flowing hair. They loved to play and dance, could shape-shift into many animals and appear or disappear as they pleased. Their home are meadows, forests but also cemeteries. They are very protective of their home and would punish anyone who didn't respect it or was trespassing. They could be good, but also evil. If they got spotted in the forest or a meadow on a moonlit night, they may grand you prosperity and abundance in life. If disrespected, they could dance you to death. Their sacred herb is Wild Thyme.
Ziva - Goddess of the Fertility and Marriage
Ziva is a Slavic Goddess of Summer Solstice, Earth, Harvest, Fullness and Abundance. She is a sister of Morena and Vesna, and a mother of Mokosh. She is a faithful companion of Horned God Veles, God of Underworld, Time, Order and the Herds. Together with Ziva, they represent power of reproduction of abundance and prosperity, they are a symbol of life and death. Ziva, thanks to her husband knows that death is a necessary part of life. She is portrayed as beautiful mature woman with summer flowers and grains in her hands. Wheat in her hands represents fulfilled promise of harvest and nourishment. Ziva teaches people how to care for soil so it can produce the grain, and how to store it for the winter. She also teaches them how to care for cattle. During Summer Solstice, people would make a doll made of hay or straw representing Ziva, and then burning her to secure enough rain during summer and a good harvest next year. It would be also tradition to jump over bonfires during this time to protect harvest and the cattle against evil spirits.
Zorya - Guardian Goddesses of the Sun
Zorya is a Slavic triple Goddess, three guardians sisters of heavens, often associated with Greek Goddess Aurora. They are related to constellation Ursa Minor, Morning and Evening Stars. They are Goddesses of Midnight, Dusk and Dawn. Morning star (Zornicka) is a Goddess of Dawn, a warrior virgin Goddess tending horses. She is up very early, she is the one who lets the Sun out of Sky Palace of Dazbog. Second sister, Evening Star (Vecernica), is a virgin Goddess of Dusk, she closes the gates of Sky Palace after Sun returns back to Dazbog. The third sister of Zorya is Midnight star, often nameless Goddess, tending the night sky while her sisters mark the dawn and the dusk.